Howard Gardner's Multiple Theory of Intelligences

Howard Gardner's Multiple Theory of Intelligences

What makes one child more creative and another better at aptitude? How can one child be good at speech and another at sports?

What makes each child different and unique?

Howard Gardner, an eminent psychology researcher, developed what is now known as Multiple Intelligences. The multiple intelligences or the nine intelligences together make up a person’s Intellectual ability. The composition of these nine intelligence is what makes each child unique and special.

Gardner’s Multiple Intelligences

  1. Verbal-linguistic intelligence (well-developed verbal skills and sensitivity to the sounds, meanings and rhythms of words)

  2. Logical-mathematical intelligence (ability to think conceptually and abstractly, and capacity to discern logical and numerical patterns)

  3. Spatial-visual intelligence (capacity to think in images and pictures, to visualize accurately and abstractly)

  4. Bodily-kinesthetic intelligence (ability to control one’s body movements and to handle objects skillfully)

  5. Musical intelligences (ability to produce and appreciate rhythm, pitch and timber)

  6. Interpersonal intelligence (capacity to detect and respond appropriately to the moods, motivations and desires of others)

  7. Intrapersonal (capacity to be self-aware and in tune with inner feelings, values, beliefs and thinking processes)

  8. Naturalist intelligence (ability to recognize and categorize plants, animals and other objects in nature)

  9. Existential intelligence (sensitivity and capacity to tackle deep questions about human existence such as, What is the meaning of life? Why do we die? How did we get here?

Following a generic and inclusive treatment plan for all the children might not be the best choice when the child’s psyche is so idiosyncratic. Thus, to help and care for children one needs to keep in mind the multiple intelligences for more efficient and effective therapy.

And this is exactly what we do here at Shaping CDC. Observing and understanding the child and his/her needs to make a individualized treatment plan that caters best to that child alone is efficacious.


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